Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone [Hebrew transliteration, bad, Strong’s Hebrew #905]; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself; King James Version.
Thus says Yahweh, your Redeemer, and he who formed you from the womb: I am Yahweh, who makes all things; who stretches forth the heavens alone; who spreads abroad the earth (who is with me?); — World English Bible.
Thus saith Jehovah, thy Redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb: I am Jehovah, the maker of all things; who alone stretched out the heavens, who did spread forth the earth by myself. — Darby translation.
Isaiah 44:24 is often referred as proof that Jesus is Yahweh, since Yahweh says that he was alone when He spread out the heavens and the earth. It is generally assumed that Isaiah 44:24 is speaking of the same creation as spoken of in Genesis 1:1, John 1:3,10, and Colossians 1:16. According to this reasoning, John 1:3,10; 17:5; and Colossians 1:16 prove that Jesus was there at creation, and thus, since Yahweh says He was alone, then Jesus is Yahweh.
However, when God created the heavens and earth that are spoken of in Genesis 1:1, God was not alone. We know this because Job 38:4-7 tells us that the “sons of God,” described figuratively as “morning stars,” were also present at this creation. So the invisible spirit sons of God were present with God at the creation described in first two chapters of Genesis. (Jesus is described as the bright and morning star. — Revelation 22:16.
The Hebrew word used in Isaiah 44:24, which is rendered “alone” by most translations, is usually transliterated as bad. (Strong’s Hebrew #905) This word is often used in relative terms, as compared to who/what is being spoken of in comparison, and thus does not necessarily mean that Yahweh was totally alone without his son at the creation spoken of in Isaiah 44:24. This Hebrew word, “bad,’ is used of Adam in Genesis 2:18. Of course, we know that Adam was not totally alone, for he had God with whom he could speak; likewise, Adam had the trees of the garden and the animal creation with him; however, as regards a mate, he was alone. (Genesis 2:20) When Jacob said to Reuben concerning taking Benjamin to Egypt: “My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone [Strong’s #905].” (Genesis 44:28; 44:20) Jacob did not mean that Benjamin was totally alone, but in reference to what he was speaking, his sons by Rachel, whom he loved. (Genesis 29:18,30; 35:24) Jacob did not know that Joseph was still alive, and thought him to be dead. These references illustrate how the Hebrew word “bad” is used in relative terms, depending on context.
In the context of Isaiah 44:24, the reference is to Israel (Jacob), and the idol gods that the people of Israel were creating by their hands and bowing down to. None of the people of Israel were with Yahweh when he created the heavens and earth; nor were any of those idol-gods (made with human hands) with Yahweh. In this comparison, Yahweh alone did the creating, none of the people of Israel nor their man-made gods were with Yahweh. If this creation included what is spoken of in Genesis 1 and 2, then Yahweh alone did this creating by means of his son, as we read in John 1:3,10 and Colossians 1:16, since none of the people, nor any of their idol-gods were there. Although Yahweh created through his son, Yahweh alone is the Creator. The scriptures abound with cases where Yahweh uses various servants but is given the credit for their actions, since he was the directing force. — Exodus 3:10,12; 12:17; 18:10; Numbers 16:28; Judges 2:6,18; 3:9,10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:24,25; 14:6,19; 15:14,18; 16:20,28-30, 2 Kings 4:27; Isaiah 43:11, 45:1-6; etc
Some have referred to Jesus’ usage of alone, as related to his not being alone, because his Father was with him. The Greek word that corresponds to the Hebrew word bad is monos. As related to Jesus’ usage of monos, here is what Jesus said:
Even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for I am not alone (monos, Strong’s #3441), but I am with the Father who sent me. — John 8:16.
He who sent me is with me. The Father hasn’t left me alone (monos), for I always do the things that are pleasing to him. — John 8:29.
Behold, the time comes, yes, has now come, that you will be scattered, everyone to his own place, and will leave me alone. Yet I am not alone (monos), because the Father is with me. — John 16:32.
In each instance, Jesus is not speaking of being totally “alone,” with absolutely no one else or anything else around him, but he is speaking of “alone” as related to what he is speaking of. In John 8:16, it is obvious that Jesus is not speaking of being without anyone else or anything at all around him, but he is speaking of being alone in the action of judging. Likewise, in John 8:29 and 16:32, Jesus does not use the word “monos” indicate absolute aloneness, in which there would be no one else or nothing else in existence. He was not alone in his works, because his Father was with him. Thus, it appears that, like the Hebrew word “bad”, the Greek word “monos” is used relative to what is being spoken of in context.
Jesus is never called “creator” in the Bible; yet he is the means by which Yahweh carried out his creation. In Mark 10:6, Jesus says of God (Yahweh — whom he sits at the right hand of — Psalm 110:1; Mark 16:19; Acts 2:33; 7:55,56; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 10:12; 1 Peter 3:22) is the maker in creation: “But from the beginning of creation God made them male and female.” Thus only Yahweh is properly called the “Creator”. — Isaiah 40:28.
Additionally, “heavens and earth” in the Bible do not always refer to same thing. The Hebrew word for “earth” is usually transliterated as ‘erets. (Strong’s Hebrew #776) The Greek word is usually transliterated as Ge. (Strong’s Greek #1093) Both of these words can refer to the planet earth (Genesis 1:2), the inhabitants of the planet, a certain district of land (country, territory, tribal territory), the inhabitants of a certain district of land (Genesis 6:1; 11:1; 23:15; Matthew 23:35), the ground (Genesis 33:3), as well as the arrangement of affairs upon the earth related to certain time periods. (Genesis 6:13; 2 Peter 3:5,6,7,10,13)
Likewise, the words for “heaven(s)” (Hebrew, Shamayim, Strong’s #8064; Greek, Ouranos) can refer to the starry heavens (whether speaking literal or figuratively: Psalm 8:3; Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10); the things of the atmosphere as seen from the surface of the earth (clouds, birds, etc.: 1 Kings 21:24; Deuteronomy 11:11; Psalm 147:8; Acts 14:17), the unseen spiritual realm where God and the angels dwell (Psalm 11:4; 14:2; Matthew 18:10), and figuratively as the ruling elements of an earth pertaining to a certain time period (whether seen or unseen). — 2 Corinthians 12:2; 2 Peter 3:5,6,7,10,13.
In Genesis 1:10, the “earth” being spoken of as being created is not the planet itself, but rather the “dry land” that God caused to appear on the planet. The planet earth already “was” (Genesis 1:2) before the “beginning” spoken of in Genesis 1:1. The “beginning” of Genesis 1:1 (as well as John 1:1) refers to the six days of creation (Exodus 16:26; 20:11) that is described in the first two chapters of Genesis. The heavens and earth that were created in the six days, the “beginning”, therefore refers to the arrangement of things on the planet itself, and as seen in the sky (heaven) above from the planet’s surface, not the physical creation of the planet, the stars, the moon.
Therefore, it seems probable that Isaiah 44:24 is referring to the physical universe itself, not of the beginning that is spoken of in Genesis 1:1, or the “beginning” spoken of in Matthew 19:4,8; 24:21; Mark 10:6; 13:19; John 1:1,2; 8:44; Hebrews 3:14 . It is certainly not referring to the heavens where God’s throne is, and in which the angels now see the face of God.
Some translations render Isaiah 44:24 in the present tense; others render it in the past tense. We believe that verse is speaking of the original creation of the physical universe, sometimes called the “big bang.” The original creation of the physical universe could be described as a “big bang,” in which the creation of the physical heavens were hurled into being and, according to the “big bang” theory is continuing to expand to this day. Of course, included in that creation was what we now call the planet “earth.” If this is the correct application of Isaiah 44:24, then it is possible that Yahweh was indeed totally alone at that creation, since Colossians 1:15,16 is speaking of living creatures, not the physical universe. Jesus was the firstborn creature, indicating the firstborn of living creatures, not that he was born — brought forth into being — before God’s creation of the material universe. Thus, having all these thoughts in mind, the material universe, as being described in Isaiah 44:24, itself could have been created before God brought forth his firstborn living creature, and before he brought forth the “heavens and earth” as spoken of in Genesis 1:1. If so, then Yahweh was indeed totally “alone” in the creation spoken of in Isaiah 44:24.