Revelation 2:23 – He who searches hearts

I will kill her children with Death, and all the assemblies will know that I am he who searches the minds and hearts. I will give to each one of you according to your deeds. — Revelation 2:23

Then hear in heaven, your dwelling-place, and forgive, and do, and render to every man according to all his ways, whose heart you know; (for you, even you only, know the hearts of all the children of men;) — 1 Kings 8:39

Jeremiah 11:20 – But, Yahweh of Hosts, who judge righteously, who try the heart and the mind, I shall see your vengeance on them; for to you have I revealed my cause.

The above scriptures are sometimes cited as proof that Jesus is his God, especially since it stated in 1 Kings 8:39 that only Yahweh knows the hearts of all the children of men, and since Jesus says that he is the one who searches the hearts of men, then this is offered as proof that Jesus is Yahweh.

However, if this is so, then Yahweh has another who is the God of Yahweh, since in Revelation 3:12, Jesus, the one who is speaking in Revelation 2:23, speaks of another as “my God”. So if the one speaking in Revelation 1:18 through Revelation 3:22 is Yahweh, the only Most High, then the only Most High has one who the Supreme Being over the only Most High, which is self-contradictory.

Rather than assuming the self-contradiction, we should examine the scriptures closely so that the scriptures may be seen to be harmonized without adding the assumption that Jesus is Yahweh.

When Solomon spoke the words as recorded 1 Kings 8:39, the word that he used, which is translated as “alone” or “only”, is a form of the Hebrew “bad” (Strong’s Hebrew #905). This word does not, of itself, take on the meaning of total exclusivity that our trinitarian neighbors would like for us to apply to it in 1 Kings 8:39.

For instance, in Job 1:15,16,17,19, the servants of Job a each express their being alone. However ,the context shows a relationship regarding that aloneness. They were not each saying that they alone, of all people in the universe, had escaped, rather their aloneness was in relationship to the others who were destroyed in whatever destruction was being referred to.

Likewise, in 1 Kings 8:39, Solomon is contrasting Yahweh with the rulers and judges of Israel — men on earth; only Yahweh — not the judges/rulers on earth — could know the hearts of men.

However, even assigning it the exclusivity as related to the universe at that time, Solomon did not say that Yahweh could not grant to another the ability to search the hearts of men. Indeed, this is exactly what the scriptures tell us that the Most High did. Jesus stated that his ability to judge had been given to him by his God and Father.  (John 5:22) And Jesus said that he judged in accordance with the will of the only true God who had sent him. (John 5:30; 17:1,3) Thus, when Yahweh comes to judge the world (Psalm 96:13; 98:9), he comes to judge the world by means of the one whom he has appointed, as we read in Acts 17:31. Seeing then, that Jesus has been given all power in heaven and earth (Matthew 28:19 — excluding the power of being the Most High — 1 Corinthians 15:27) to carry out such judgment, he would of necessity need the power to know and read the hearts of men.  Thus, the plenitude of might has been given to him bodily, so that he may fulfill his role as “the head of all principality and power.” — Colossians 2:9,10.

However, the fact that all of the power and authority has been given to Jesus does not mean that Jesus became Yahweh, the only Most High.

Advertisements

7 responses to “Revelation 2:23 – He who searches hearts

  1. Pingback: The Son of Yahweh is Not His God « The Son of Yahweh

  2. Pingback: Scriptures - Revelation | Jesus and His God

  3. The fact that the Lord Jesus knows the hearts of all proves that He is omniscient. Since only God is omniscient this necessitates that the Lord Jesus is God.

  4. Marc Taylor
    Submitted on 2012/08/05 at 11:42 pm

    The fact that the Lord Jesus knows the hearts of all proves that He is omniscient. Since only God is omniscient this necessitates that the Lord Jesus is God.

    The fact that the God of Jesus (Revelation 3:12; See also World English at: Revelation 2:7; 3:2) had to give the Revelation to Jesus proves that Jesus is not omniscient. — Revelation 1:1.

    All that the Son of Yahweh Most High (Luke 1:32,35; Genesis 14:22; 2 Samuel 22:14; Psalm 47:2; 92:1) has is that which has been given to him by the Most High, including the authority and power that he needs to judge, with the evident exception of the glory that only belongs to Yahweh. The fact that all this is given to Jesus proves that Jesus is not the Most High who has given all to Jesus. — Psalm 2:6-9; 45:7; 110:1-3; Isaiah 9:7; 42:8; 61:1; Daniel 7:14; Matthew 11:27; 28:18; John 3:35; 5:22-27,36; 10:29; 12:49; 13:3; 17:4,7,8; Acts 2:36; 4:10-12; 5:32; 2 Corinthians 15:27; 2 Corinthians 13:4; Romans 14:9; Ephesians 1:3,17-23; Philippians 2:9-11; Colossians 1:16-19; 2:9,10; Hebrews 1:2,4,9; 5:7; 1 Peter 3:18,22; Revelation 3:22.

    See also the Catergory Omniscience at Jesus and His God
    http://godandson.reslight.net/?cat=96

  5. If Yahweh gave the Lord Jesus the ability to be omniscient then Yahweh just created another Yahweh for to be omniscient means the same thing as being God.
    Omniscient: (3) the Omniscient God (Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, page 1005, NY: Gramercy Books, c. 1996).

    So this assertion of yours is false for there is only one God. Since the Lord Jesus is omniscient proves then that God is not an absolute unitarian Being.

  6. Marc Taylor
    Submitted on 2012/08/06 at 7:37 pm

    If Yahweh gave the Lord Jesus the ability to be omniscient then Yahweh just created another Yahweh for to be omniscient means the same thing as being God.
    Omniscient: (3) the Omniscient God (Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, page 1005, NY: Gramercy Books, c. 1996).

    So this assertion of yours is false for there is only one God. Since the Lord Jesus is omniscient proves then that God is not an absolute unitarian Being.

    Jesus is not omniscient, and Yahweh has never given to his firstborn creature the ability to ominiscient. Giving Jesus the ability to judge the hearts of men does not mean that Yahweh has given to Jesus the ability to be ominiscient.

  7. Just as Jeremiah 17:10 demonstrates the omniscience of Yahweh so too does Revelation 2:23 demonstrate the omniscience of Christ.

    I, the LORD, search the heart, I test the mind, Even to give to each man according to his ways, According to the results of his deeds (Jeremiah 17:10).

    And I will kill her children with pestilence, and all the churches will know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts; and I will give to each one of you according to your deeds (Revelation 2:23).

    To know all the hearts of all people is the same thing as being omniscient:
    1. TDNT: The designation of God as ho kardiognwstes, “the One who knows the heart,” expresses in a single term (Ac. 1:24; 15:8) something which is familiar to both the NT and OT piety (Lk. 16:15; R. 8:27; 1 Th. 2:4; Rev. 2:23 of Christ), namely that the omniscient God knows the innermost being of every man where the decision is made either for Him or against Him (3:613, kardiognwstes, Behm).
    2. NIDNTT: kardiognwstes is unknown to secular Gk. and to the LXX, and occurs in the NT only in Acts 1:24 and 15:8 and later in patristic writings. It describes God as the knower of hearts. The fact that God sees, tests and searches the hidden depths of the human heart is commonly stated in both the OT and the NT (1 Sam. 16:7; Jer. 11:20; 17:9f.; Lk. 16:15; Rom. 8:27; 1 Thess. 2:4; Rev. 2:23). This belief in the omniscience of God is expressed succinctly by the adj. kardiognwstes (2:183, Heart, T. Sorg).

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s